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Garanoir - Resi

Garanoir - Resi

Garanoir is a new hybrid grape, a cross between Gamay and Reichensteiner, a white variety found in Germany (and in the UK). It produces immensely powerful dark red wines, with much tannin and is increasingly used in "big" blends.

Garanoir has very smooth tannins, low acidity, has a deep colour, generous fruit perfectly enhanced by a touch of spice, and an incredible complex texture. It is used in blends to bring texture and a certain complex richness to the wine. The variety is often blended with its sibling, Gamaret. Aromatically speaking, Garanoir wines can be strikingly similar to those made from Pinot Noir. Garanoir lacks Pinot Noir's acidity however, so it is best grown in cooler vineyard sites. In cooler conditions, the grapes can ripen slowly and steadily without losing too much acidity.

Garanoir was born in 1970 at the Caudoz research centre in Pully near Lausanne in Switzerland and originally named Pully B-28. It then underwent a few name changes before Garanoir was chosen. It was released in 1990.

Garanoir was developed for cultivation in German Switzerland and is a full sibling of Gamaret, which was intended for the French part of the country. They are fantastic as a blend.

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With around 2 hectares in production, Josef-Marie Chanton remains the saviour of yet another otherwise extinct variety.

Recent DNA profiling has identified Blanc de Maurienne as being Rèze and this grape is named after the valley in Savoie where a few vines still exist. This is one possible origin of the grape. Another is that it comes from northern Italy and the name is a derivative of the Latin "Raetica" which was the most widespread white grape in that area during the Roman era.

This rare grape has lineage connections with a number of grapes from different regions: Diolle and Grosse Arvine from Switzerland and Cascarolo Bianco and Nosiola from Italy amongst them.

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