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Furmint - Syrah

Furmint - Syrah

Furmint is, of course, the main grape in the production of Tokaj, the unctuous sweet wine from Hungary. However, that country does not have the monopoly on this grape. It is grown in other nearby countries, Austria being one of them. Heidi Schröck was one of the pioneers that reintroduced the grape and now produces some of the best Furmint wines in the world. Her dry Furmint is elegant and filled with spice and quince. Her sweet Furmint and blends incorporating Furmint are truly astonishing and need to be tasted to be believed. I would urge everyone to become a believer.

Furmint originates in Hungary with the first references found in documents from the late sixteenth century. It is no surprise that it comes from the Tokaj region whose eponymous wines have made it famous and given so much pleasure. Other origins have been suggested but are without substance.

Furmint is related to Gouais Blanc and therefore to a vast number of well-known varieties such as Chardonnay and Riesling. It is a parent of the other main grape in Tokaji wines, Hárslevelü and the Swiss Plantscher.

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  • Syrah Réserve Domaine des Muses

    A most impressive Syrah from one of the best
  • Syrah Classique Domaine des Muses

    Fresh and fruity Syrah with typical Muses complexity
  • Schröck-Kracher Ruster Ausbruch Heidi Schroeck

    Two of the best made this Ausbruch together - polished and brilliant
  • Ruster Ausbruch "Auf den Flugeln der Morgenrote" Heidi Schroeck

    "On the wings of the dawn" is legendary
  • Furmint Heidi Schroeck

    Bold dry and unique Furmint
  • Ruster Ausbruch "Turner" Heidi Schroeck

    Single vineyard Ausbruch made from 100% Furmint
  • Furmint Günter & Regina Triebaumer

    Fresh and complex, a lovely furmint
  • Syrah de Sion, Maître de Chais - Réserve & Réserve Spéciale Provins

    A gorgeous Syrah from Provins.
  • Cayas, Syrah Barrique Cave Jean Rene Germanier

    A concentrated yet fresh Syrah.
  • Terre Vivante - Assemblage Rouge Gregor Kuonen et Fils

    BIG, big red from Gregor Kuonen.
  • L'Humaniste, Gamaret-Syrah Cave de Geneve

    A structured and fruit rich wine with peppery spice.
  • Electus Valais Mundi

    A wine created to raise expectations about Swiss wine to a whole new level.
  • Ruistal Varone

    Bold blend from Valais.
  • Edles Tal Franz / Christine Netzl

    pulls off the elusive combination of power and finesse.

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Another surprisingly interesting area for Syrah has turned out to be south-eastern Austria - in the hand of people like Netzl, Weninger and Gunter Triebaumer. But we haven't been able to secure some in recent years, as they sell it all to Vienna and Berlin.

Syrah is far from the easiest grape to cultivate. It has quite a high susceptibility to botrytis and mites and to an unknown disease which targets Syrah specifically ("I would too!" - Joelle). It also has a very short harvesting time when at full ripeness as it has small berries which tend to shrivel soon after that point. The slower ripening long season of the Swiss Valais is a boon when dealing with Syrah, giving a lot more ease at harvest time.

Syrah should not be confused with Petite Sirah, a synonym for Durif, a cross of Syrah with Peloursin dating from 1880. (We have one from Israel if you are curious)

Syrah produces wines with a wide range of flavour notes, depending on the climate and soils where it is grown, as well as other viticultural practices. Aroma characters can range from violets to berries (usually dark as opposed to red), chocolate, espresso and black pepper. No one aroma can be called "typical". With time in the bottle these "primary" notes are moderated and then supplemented with earthy or savoury "tertiary" notes such as leather and truffle.

There are a number of legends associated with the origins of Syrah, pretty much all of which have been disproven by the arrival of DNA testing. Despite this, they add a touch of romance to the grape. It was suggested that the grape came from the town of Shiraz in Persia (Iran), hence the use of that name in some countries. These legends differ according to whoever is telling the story but suggest the grape arrived in the Rhône in a few different ways - through traders bringing it to Marseilles (no evidence exists of any Syrah having been planted in that area), through a crusader bringing it back from the war (unlikely that he would have travelled as far as Persia from the Holy Land), brought to France by a Persian hermit, or brought to Gaul by Probus, the Roman Emperor.

In truth, it was probably born in the Rhone pre-Alps. Syrah is the natural child of Mondeuse Blanche, from Savoie and Dureza, an old and rare grape originating from Ardèche. It is a great-grandchild of Pinot and a grandchild of Mondeuse Noire as well as being a half-sibling of Viognier.

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